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废电子设备回收国内外的标准比较
编辑:无锡寰太环保有限公司   时间:2019-01-22

       随着电子产品需求量的增加、更新换代速度的加快,电子产品淘汰数量与日俱增。目前废电子设备回收已成为全球增长速度最快的废物流种类。在废弃电器电子产品产生量较大的国家或者地区,政府部门在政策法规制定方面投入较多,现在废弃电器电子产品管理方面影响力较大的法案或指令主要有:欧盟WEEE和RoHS指令、德国《关于电子电气设备使用、回收、有利环保处理联邦法》、荷兰《白色家电和棕色家电法令》、美国《电子废物再生法》、日本《家电再生利用法》、韩国《关于电子电气产品以及汽车的资源回收法案》、中国《电子废物环境防治管理办法》等。根据各国国情的差异,以上法规或指令都有其独特之处,在废弃电器电子产品的管理方面起到了重要的作用。

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      2废电子设备回收标准发展现状

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     在废电子设备回收利用的标准之外,针对基金补贴的109家正规拆解企业,环保部出台《废弃电器电子产品拆解处理作业及生产管理指南(2015年版)》对拆解企业进行指导,该指南规范了废弃电器电子产品拆解企业贮存、运输、拆解“四机一脑”等废弃电器电子产品。

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    其次,我国废电子设备回收的增长潜力巨大,目前的处理量居世界首位,相应的处理技术也处于国际领先地位,未来国内废弃电器电子产品回收利用行业将会深入影响世界范围内该行业的发展。伴随着我国“一带一路”的整体国家战略,环保产业走出去的趋势势不可挡,因此国内标准将朝着系统化、国际化的方向发展。

    第三,为推进标准的落地实施,在国内积极推行标准规范体系的建设十分必要,这也与目前我国的生产者责任延伸制度的要求相吻合。

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